Did you know that on average, every Australian will have 17 jobs across three different industries in their working lives?

Thanks to factors like technology, globalisation, demographics, consumer preferences and of course, the COVID-19 pandemic, workplaces across Australia are changing rapidly – and need a workforce that can adapt.

These factors are altering the tasks and skills required for every job in the new workforce, and the best advantage you can have is knowing how to reskill.

It’s becoming more important than ever for job-seekers to be innovative, collaborative, proactive, and responsive to ensure they remain future-proof. In this blog, find out where to begin when it comes to reskilling, and how to develop skills for the industries, and jobs, of the future.

Reskilling: Where to Begin

When it comes to reskilling, the first step is to identify your transferable skills, before investigating any qualifications, courses or classes you might need to enrol in to help you develop a new skill set.

Identifying your transferable skills

With so many of us changing jobs and industries in our working life, it’s smart to look at transferrable or universal skills before reskilling for the new workforce.

In fact, many people don’t realise that the skills they’ve built in past jobs, in community groups, or from life experience, can be useful in many other jobs and industries.

“There are certain keywords in almost every job posting that relate to skills: communication, multitasking, teamwork, creativity, critical thinking and leadership,” writes Martin Yate, a contributor for Forbes. 

“They are known as transferable skills…because these keywords and phrases represent the skills that enable you to do your job well, whatever that job may be.” 

If you’re finding it hard to list the skills that you’ve developed in previous jobs, take a look at the Australian Government’s Skills Match tool – it can highlight skills you may have previously developed, and shows jobs that use similar skills.

Develop a new skill set

According to the Australian Government’s Australian Jobs website, overall, work in Australia is becoming more skilled.

Most of the jobs growth over the past five years has been in occupations that often require post-school qualifications, and this trend is expected to continue over the next five years, too. 

Jobs in the new workforce are likely to need Vocational Education and Training (VET) – this includes apprenticeships, trainee-ships, diplomas or certificate III or IV level qualifications – or, a university qualification.

The VET system provides training for many occupations, including highly skilled trades and many other fast-growing jobs. VET providers can include:

  • technical and further education (TAFE) institutes
  • adult and community education providers
  • agricultural colleges
  • private providers
  • community organisations
  • industry skill centres
  • commercial and enterprise training providers.

A university qualification, either an undergraduate degree or higher-level qualification, is the pathway to a range of jobs, including the most highly skilled professional occupations.

Reskilling for the industries of the future

According to Australian social research firm McCrindle, the top four industries projected to make up two-thirds of total employment growth over the next five years are:

  • Health Care and Social Assistance
  • Professional, Scientific and Technical Services
  • Construction
  • Education and Training

Here’s how you can reskill for jobs in these growth industries.

Health Care and Social Assistance

The Australian Government’s Job Outlook website states that the Health Care and Social Assistance industry is Australia’s largest and fastest growing industry, employing more than 1.5 million people.

A broad range of services are covered within this industry, ranging from hospitals, doctor’s clinics, dentistry and ambulance services, as well as childcare and aged care.

Thanks to the introduction of the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS), investments in hospitals, and the growing demand for aged care, childcare, and home-care based services, the jobs that are most in-demand in this industry include:

  • Aged and Disabled Carers
  • Registered Nurses
  • Child Carers; and
  • Welfare Support Workers.

VET qualifications are required if you want to be a child carer or aged care worker, while university-level qualifications are required if you want to be a doctor or registered nurse.

Professional, Scientific and Technical Services

The professional, scientific and technical services industry is an exciting industry to work in and plays a key role in Australia’s economy.

It covers a wide range of careers, like legal and accounting services, veterinary services and computer system design. And , there is currently a skills shortage in the information and communications technology (ICT) industry.

The following jobs are in-demand in Australia right now, so you’re likely to be able to secure ongoing employment once you’ve completed your training:

  • Developer programmer/Analyst Programmer
  • ICT Security Specialist
  • Web Developer; and
  • Telecommunications Trades Worker.

Workers in this industry are usually highly skilled and have a university degree, but a range of apprenticeships, traineeships and VET courses can be undertaken in this industry, too.


The construction industry is a large employer in Australia, and is projected to grow by 10 per cent over five years to May 2023 – and trades workers are vital to the construction industry.

According to the Australian Government’s Australian Jobs website, the top employing construction jobs are:

  • Carpenters and Joiners
  • Electricians
  • Construction Managers
  • Plumbers; and
  • Building and Plumbing Labourers.

Apprenticeships and traineeships are the main entry pathway to jobs in this industry, with more than half of those employed holding a certificate III or higher vocational qualification. Visit the MySkills website to search for a range of courses in the construction industry.

Education and Training

As a fast growing and large employer in Australia, the education and training industry sector covers jobs in teaching in both junior, primary and secondary schools, as well as university lecturers and tutors.

The Australian Government’s Australian Jobs website states that growth in the school aged population, continued strength in international education and the increasing demand for adult and community education means workers will be needed in the Education and Training industry, particularly in roles such as:

  • Primary School Teachers
  • Secondary School Teachers; and
  • Education Aides.

In this industry, most jobs will need a university degree, but there are lower skilled jobs like Teacher’s Aide that can provide a pathway, too.

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